Pakistan national cricket team

Pakistan cricket crestTest status granted1952First Test matchIndia at Feroz Shah KotlaDelhi in India, 16–18 October 1952.CaptainTest & ODIMisbah-ul-Haq
T20IVacantCoachVACANTOfficial ICC Testand ODI ranking5th in Test cricket, 6th in One Day International [2]Test matches
- This year358
5Last Test matchWest Indies atBasseterreSaint Kitts,Warner Park in West Indies. From 20–24 May 2011,Wins/losses
- This year109/100
3/1As of {{{asofdate}}}

The Pakistan cricket team is the national cricket team of Pakistan. It is administrated by the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB). Pakistan is a full member of theInternational Cricket Council, and thus participates in TestODI and Twenty20 International cricket matches.

Pakistan have played 358 Test matches, with winning 108, losing 100 and drawing 150. The team has the 3rd-best win/loss ratio in Test cricket of 1.08, and the 4th-best overall win percentage of 30.16%.[1] Pakistan was given Test status on 28 July 1952, following a recommendation by India, and made its Test debut against India atFeroz Shah Kotla, Delhi, in October 1952, with India winning by an innings and 70 runs.[2] Previously, Pakistani cricketers had competed as a part of the Indian national team before the partition of India.

Pakistan have played 749 ODIs, winning 401, losing 326, tying 6 and with 16 ending in no-result.[3] Pakistan were the 1992 World Cup champions, and also came runners-up in the 1999 tournament. Pakistan, in conjunction with other countries on the Subcontinent, have hosted the 1987 & 1996, with the 1996 final being hosted atGaddafi Stadium in Lahore. The team has also played 46 Twenty20 Internationals, the most of any team, winning 27, losing 18 and tying 1.[4] Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 and came runners-up in the inaugural tournament in 2007.

Contents [hide][edit]HistoryMain article: History of the Pakistani cricket teamSee also: Cricket in PakistanHistory of cricket in Pakistan from 1947 to 1970History of cricket in Pakistan from 1971 to 1985History of cricket in Pakistan from 1986 to 2000, and History of cricket in Pakistan from 2001Following the Partition of India in 1947 and the establishment of the separate province of Pakistan, cricket in the country developed steadily and Pakistan was given Test match status at a meeting of the Imperial Cricket Conference at Lord's Cricket Ground in England on 28 July 1952 following recommendation by India,[5] which, being the successor state of the British Raj, did not have to go through such a process. The first captain of the Pakistan national cricket team was Abdul Kardar.

Pakistan’s first Test match was played in Delhi in October 1952 as part of a five Test series which India won 2–1. Pakistan made their first tour of England in 1954 and drew the series 1–1 after a memorable victory at The Oval in which fast bowler Fazal Mahmood took 12 wickets. Pakistan’s first home Test match was in Dacca in January 1955 against India, after which four more Test matches were played in Bahawalpur,LahorePeshawar and Karachi (all five matches in the series were drawn, the first such occurrence in test history[6]).

Pakistan playing against Australia at Lord's in England.The team is considered a strong but unpredictable team. Traditionally Pakistani cricket has been filled with players of great talent but limited discipline, making them a team which could play inspirational cricket one day and then perform less than ordinarily another day. Over the years, competitions between India and Pakistan have always been emotionally charged and provide for intriguing contests, as talented teams and players from both sides of the border elevate their game to new levels to produce high-quality cricket. Pakistani contest with India in the Cricket World Cup have seen packed stadiums and elevated atmospheres no matter where the World Cup has been held.

[edit]1986 Australasia CupMain article: Australasia CupThe 1986 Australasia Cup, played in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates, is remembered as a famous last-ball victory for Pakistan against arch-rivals India, withJaved Miandad emerging as a national hero.[7] India batted first and set a target of 245 runs, leaving Pakistan with a required run rate of 4.92 runs per over. Javed Miandad came in to bat at number 3 and Pakistan lost wickets at regular intervals. Later recalling the match, Miandad stated that his main focus was to lose with dignity. With 31 runs needed in the last three overs, Miandad hit a string of boundaries while batting with his team's lower order, until four runs were required from the last delivery of the match. Miandad received a leg side full toss from Chetan Sharma, which he hit for six over the midwicket boundary.[7][8]

[edit]1992 Cricket World CupMain article: 1992 Cricket World CupPakistan captain Imran Khan celebrating his team's victory at the 1992 World CupAt the 1992 World Cup Semi Final, having won the toss, New Zealand chose to bat first and ended with a total of 262 runs. Pakistan batted conservatively yet lost wickets at regular intervals. With the departure of Imran Khan and Saleem Malik shortly thereafter, Pakistan still required 115 runs at a rate of 7.67 runs per over with veteran Javed Miandad being the only known batsman remaining at the crease. A young Inzamam-ul-Haq, who had just turned 22 and was not a well-known player at the time, burst onto the international stage with a match-winning 60 off 37 balls. Once Inzamam got out, Pakistan required 36 runs from 30 balls, which wicketkeeperMoin Khan ended with a towering six over long off, followed by the winning boundary to midwicket. The match is seen as the emergence of Inzamam onto the international stage.[9][10][11]

The 1992 Cricket World Cup in Australia and New Zealand marked Pakistan's first World Cup victory. It is remembered for the comeback Pakistan made after losing key players such as Waqar Younis and Saeed Anwar and being led by an injured captain in Imran Khan. Pakistan lost 4 of their first 5 matches and were nearly eliminated in the first round of the tournament after being bowled out for 74 runs against England, until the match was declared as a "no result" due to rain. Imran Khan famously told the team to play as "cornered tigers", after which Pakistan won five successive matches, including, most famously, the semi-final against hosts New Zealand and the final against England.[12]

[edit]2007 Cricket World CupThe 2007 Cricket World Cup was one of the biggest upsets in World Cup history when Pakistan was knocked out of the competition in a shock defeat to Ireland, who were playing in their first competition. Pakistan, needing to win to qualify for the next stage after losing to the West Indies in their opening match, were put into bat by Ireland. They lost wickets regularly and only 4 batsmen scored double figures. In the end they were bowled out by the Irish for 132 runs. The Irish went on to win the match, after Niall O'Brien scored 72 runs. This meant that Pakistan had been knocked out during the first round for the second consecutive World Cup.[13][14][15] Tragedy struck the team when coach Bob Woolmer died one day later on 18 March 2007 in a hospital in Kingston, Jamaica. Jamaican police spokesman, Karl Angell, reported on 23 March 2007 that, "Mr Woolmer's death was due to asphyxiation as a result of manual strangulation" and that, "Mr Woolmer's death is now being treated by the Jamaica police as a case of murder."[16] Assistant coach Mushtaq Ahmed acted as temporary coach for the team's final group game of the tournament.[17] Subsequent to his team's defeat and the death of Woolmer, Inzamam-ul-Haq announced his resignation as captain of the team and his retirement from one-day cricket, stating that he would continue to take part in Test cricket but not as captain.[18] Shoaib Malik was announced as his successor.[19] Following his return to the squad, Salman Butt was appointed as vice-captain until December 2007.[20]

On 23 March 2007, Pakistan players and officials were questioned by Jamaican police and submitted DNA samples along with fingerprints, as part of the routine enquiries in the investigation into Woolmer's murder.[21] Three days after leaving the West Indies for Pakistan, via London, the Pakistan team were ruled out as suspects. The deputy commissioner of Jamaican police. Mark Shields, the detective in charge of the investigation, announced, "It's fair to say they are now being treated as witnesses." "I have got no evidence to suggest it was anybody in the squad."[22] A memorial service was held in Sacred Heart Church, Lahore, for Bob Woolmer on 1 April 2007. Among the attendees were Pakistan players and dignitaries, including Inzamam-ul-Haq, who was quoted as saying, "After Woolmer's family, the Pakistan team was the most aggrieved by his death."[23] After the World Cup ended, serious doubts were raised about the investigation, with increasing speculation that Woolmer died of natural causes. This has now been accepted as fact, and the case has been closed.[24] Pakistan Qualified for Final Of T20 2009 beating SouthAfrica by 7 runs in 1st semifinal.

Shahid Afridi batting against Sri Lanka in the ICC World Twenty20 Final at Lord's in England.On 20 April 2007, a PCB official announced that former Test cricketer Talat Ali would act as interim coach, in addition to his role as team manager, until a new coach had been appointed.[25] On 16 July 2007, Geoff Lawson, previously head coach of New South Wales, was appointed coach of the Pakistan for two years, becoming the third foreigner to take on the role.[26] In the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, Pakistan exceeded expectations to reach the final but ended as runners-up, after losing the final to India in a nail-biting finish. On 25 October 2008, Intikhab Alam was named as a national coach of the team by the PCB.

[edit]2009 ICC World T20On 21 June 2009 Pakistan won the 2009 ICC World Twenty20, beating Sri Lanka in the final by eight wickets. Pakistan had begun the tournament slowly losing two of their first three matches but after dismissing New Zealand for 99 runs in the Super 8 stage they had a run of four consecutive wins including beating previously unbeaten South Africa, in the semi-final and Sri Lanka.

[edit]2011 Cricket World CupPakistan started well in the ICC Cricket World up, which was held in India, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, after beating Kenya, Sri Lanka(one of the tournament favourites) and narrowly beating Canada. After a huge loss against New Zealand, Pakistan defeated Zimbabwe by 7 wickets.'. One of the highlights of the tournament for Pakistan was when they beat Australia, who were led by 3 brilliant pace bowlers, Brett Lee, Shaun Tait and Mitchell Johnson. However Pakistan defied the odds and defeated Australia, courtesy of a brilliant bowling display. In the Quarter-Finals they played West Indies. Pakistan were ruthless, as they emphatically beat the West Indies by 10 wickets,due to another brilliant bowling display. In the Semi-Finals on 30 March, Pakistan had a match with its fiercest rival, India. India, due to Tendulkar who was dropped several times, managed 260 after they batted first. Due to a slow chase, Pakistan were 29 runs short as India reached the final(India went on to win the final).

[edit]Governing bodyMain article: Pakistan Cricket BoardThe Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) is responsible for all first class and Test cricket played in Pakistan and by the Pakistan cricket team. It was admitted to the International Cricket Council in July 1953. The corporation has been run by former cricketers, professional administrators and trustees, who are often respected businessmen. The Board governs a network of teams sponsored by corporations and banks, city associations and clubs including advertising, broadcasting rights and internet partners.[27]

. The PCB's experiment with the Twenty20 cricket model has also proven popular and hopes to similarly revive popular interest in domestic games,which it did. The PCB also set up major domestic competitions such as the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy and the ANZ Trophy.[28]

[edit]Tournament historyWorld CupWorld Twenty20Champions TrophyAsia CupAustralasia CupAsian Test ChampionshipCommonwealth Games[edit]List of International groundsGaddafi Stadium in Lahore.National Cricket Stadium in Karachi.Multan Cricket Stadium in Multan.StadiumCityTest matchesODI matchesNational StadiumKarachi4044Gaddafi StadiumLahore3957Iqbal StadiumFaisalabad2416Rawalpindi Cricket StadiumRawalpindi821Arbab Niaz StadiumPeshawar615Multan Cricket StadiumMultan57Niaz StadiumHyderabad57Jinnah Stadium (Sialkot)Sialkot49Bagh-e-Jinnah (Lahore)Lahore30Sheikhupura StadiumSheikhupura22Jinnah StadiumGujranwala111Ibn-e-Qasim Bagh StadiumMultan16Pindi Club GroundRawalpindi12Defence Housing Authority StadiumKarachi10Bahawal StadiumBahawalpur10Zafar Ali StadiumSahiwal02Ayub National StadiumQuetta02Sargodha StadiumSargodha01Bugti StadiumQuetta01Zahoor Elahi StadiumGujrat00[edit]Pakistan women's cricket teamMain article: Pakistan national women's cricket teamThe Pakistan women's cricket team has a much lower profile than the men's team. For all national women's cricket teams, the female players are paid much less their male counterparts and the women's teams do not receive as much popular support or recognition as the men's team. The women's teams also have a less packed schedule compared to men's teams and play fewer matches. The team played it first match during 1997, when it was on tour of New Zealand and Australia and were invited to the World Cup later that year and in the Women's Asia Cup during 2005 the team came third place. During 2007, the team with face South Africa and later in the year travel to Ireland to play in the Women's World Cup Qualifier. The team also played at the T20 England World Cup, the team finished 6th place, beating Sri Lanka and South Africa in 2009.

[edit]Team ColoursIn Test matches, the team wears cricket whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The team's official sponsor's have been Pepsi since the 1990s with their logo displayed on the right side of the chest and sleeve with the Pakistan Cricket star deployed on the left. Boom Boom Cricket signed a deal with Pakistan Cricket Board in April 2010 and are the current manufactures of their test and One Day clothing.[29]

Pakistan's One Day and Twenty 20 kits vary from year to year with the team wearing it's famous green color in various shades from kit to kit. For official ICC Tournament's 'Pakistan' is written on the front of the jersey in place of the sponsor logo, with the sponsor logo being placed on the sleeve. However for non ICC tournaments and matches the 'Pepsi' logo feature prominently on the front of the shirt. As always the Pakistan logo is placed on the left chest. An example of the different shades of green Pakistan wears from kit to kit can be seen in the example of the 2010–11 kit which was in the famous lime green color.[30][31]However for the World Cup a new jersey with a dark green to light green fade was introduced in February 2011.[32] Minor changes were made to the kit after the World Cup, 'Pakistan' across the shirt was replaced with the 'Pepsi' logo, whilst the World Cup logo was replaced by the 'Boom Boom' logo.[33][34]

[edit]LogoPakistan's Cricket Team's Logo is a star, usually in the color Gold or Green, with the word "Pakistan" (پاکِستان) written inside in Urdu, Pakistan's national language.

[edit]Personnel[edit]Current squadThis is a list of all the players who have played for Pakistan in the 12 months and the forms in which they have participated. On 19 March 2010 the PCB issued its central contracts for the year. They are graded A, B, C, according to pay and also included a list of players who received a one-off stipend for good performance in the domestic leagues, or in the 2010 U-19 Cricket World Cup.[35]

  • Domestic team – First-class team the player represents in the current or preceding season. If n/a, then Limited overs team is displayed.
  • C/G – The contract grade awarded by the PCB.
A/B/CCentral ContractSStipend ContractA/B/C/SSuspended ContractN/ANo ContractStatistics


  • ♠ – Player was captain of the Test team in the past year.
  • * – Player was captain of the ODI team in the past year.
  • ♦ – Player was captain of the T20I team in the past year.
NameAgeBatting styleBowling styleDomestic teamC/GTestODIT20IOpening batsmenSalman Butt ♠26Left-hand batRight arm off spinNBPA878Imran Farhat29Left-hand batRight arm leg spinHBLn/a845Shahzaib Hasan21Right-hand batRight arm off spinKarachi BluesS36Asad Shafiq24Right-hand batRight arm leg spinKarachi BluesC5213Taufeeq Umar30Left-hand batRight arm off spinHBLN/A63Yasir Hameed33Right-hand batRight arm mediumRight arm off spinZTBLN/A2Ahmed Shehzad19Right-hand batRight arm leg spinHBLN/A154Middle-order batsmenMisbah Ul-Haq ♠37Right-hand batRight arm leg spinKRLA7229Umar Akmal21Right-hand batRight arm off spinSNGPLB113319Azhar Ali26Right-hand batRight arm leg spinKRLC121Mohammad Yousuf ♠*37Right-hand batRight arm off spinMSCN/A4102Younis Khan33Right-hand batRight arm leg spinRight arm mediumSurreyN/A426Umar Amin21Left-hand batRight arm mediumNBPN/A43Wicket-keepersKamran Akmal29Right-hand batNBPA62611Zulqarnain Haider25Right-hand batLahore Bluesn/a142Adnan Akmal26Right-hand batZTBLN/A2Mohammad Salman30Right-hand batAlied BankN/A261All-roundersShahid Afridi ♠*♦31Right-hand batRight arm leg spinHBLA13717Abdul Razzaq31Right hand batRight arm fast-mediumHampshireA2517Mohammad Hafeez30Right-hand batRight arm off spinHBLB63113Fawad Alam25Left-hand batLeft-arm orthodoxNBPn?a138Shoaib Malik29Right-hand batRight arm off spinPIAN/A455Fast bowlersUmar Gul27Right-hand batRight arm fast-mediumSussexA112311Mohammad Amir19Left-hand batLeft arm fastKentB748Wahab Riaz26Right-hand batLeft arm fast-mediumNBPB7226Mohammad Sami30Right-hand batRight arm fastN/A23Tanvir Ahmed31Right-hand batRight arm fast-mediumN/A421Junaid Khan21Right-hand batLeft arm medium-fastLancashireN/A71Sohail Tanvir26Left-hand batLeft arm medium-fastKRLN/A5Sohail Khan27Right-hand batRight arm medium-fastSNGPLN/ASpin bowlersDanish Kaneria30Right-hand batRight arm leg spinEssexn/a5Saeed Ajmal33Right-hand batRight arm off spinKRLB62319Abdur Rehman31Left-hand batLeft-arm orthodoxHBLB695Correct as of 3 August 2011[edit]Coaching Staff[edit]Records[edit]Batting[edit]Test Batting RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesImtiaz Ahmed1952–6219554rd highest test match innings by a wicketkeeper209Hanif Mohammad1952–691958
  • 8th highest Test match innings
  • Slowest Test triple century
  • Highest Test innings on foreign soil
  • 4th highest Test innings by an opener
337 runs

Hanif scored 337 runs against the West Indies in 1958, which was also the first triple century by an Asian cricketer, and at the time the longest innings by any batsman in terms of time spent at the wicket.

Majid Khan1964–831976–77Joint 7th fastest Test match century74 ballsZaheer Abbas1969–8519715th highest Test match maiden century274Mudassar Nazar1976–891977–78Slowest Test century557 minJaved Miandad1976–931976
  • Youngest player to score a double century.
  • Only teenager to score a double century.
19y 140d

Career12th most Test runs.

8,832Miandad's record is also the most Test runs by a Pakistani.Taslim Arif198019803rd highest Test match innings by a wicketkeeper210*Shoaib Mohammad1983–951990–919th Slowest Test match double century411 ballsInzamam-ul-Haq1991–2007Career10th most fifties in Test cricket71Career10th most fours in Test cricket1112CareerJoint 4th most sixes in an innings9Mohammad Yousuf1998–20102006Most Test match runs in a calendar year1,7882006Most Test centuries in a calendar year92006Most centuries in successive Tests6 centuries/5 testsShahid Afridi1998–201019997th youngest player to score a test century18y 333d2004–05Joint 2nd fastest Test fifty26 balls20062nd most runs off one over272006Joint most sixes off consecutive deliveries420109th highest strike rate in an innings206.66Younis Khan2000–1020095th highest individual innings by a captain313Younis scored 313 against Sri Lanka in 2009, becoming the third Pakistani to reach a triple century, and also attaining the third highest Test Innings by a Pakistani.T20 International RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesKamran Akmal2006–10Career7th most runs in career70420102nd highest innings by a wicketkeeper73Shahid Afridi2006–10Career8th most runs in career65020103rd highest innings strike rate357.1420065th highest innings strike rate280.0020077th highest innings strike rate260.00Umar Akmal2009–1020104th most runs in a calendar year385[edit]One Day International Batting RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesSaeed Anwar1989–20031997Joint 2nd highest ODI innings.194Zaheer Abbas1969–85Career6th highest batting average in ODI47.62Inzamam-Ul-Haq1991–2007Career4th highest career ODI runs11,739Shahid Afridi1996–present1996Fastest ODI century37 ballsAfridi scored his maiden century in his maiden innings in 1996, against Kenya. He was originally in the team as a bowling replacement for Mushtaq Ahmed, and walked out as a pinch-hitter up the order wielding Waqar Younis' bat.CareerMost Sixes in ODI289 Sixes[edit]BowlingTest Bowling RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesWasim Akram1984–2003Career9th most Test wickets414Akram also holds the record of most Test wickets by a Pakistani bowler.

Waqar Younis1989–2003CareerBest strike rate with +200 Test wickets43.4Career14th highest Test wickets373Waqar also holds the record of second most Test wickets by a Pakistani bowler.One Day International Bowling RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesWasim Akram1984–2003Career2nd most ODI wickets502Akram's record was surpassed by Muttiah Muralitharan. Akram still holds the record of most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler.CareerOne of three bowlers to take 2 ODI hat-tricksThe other bowlers were Saqlain Mustaq and Chaminda VaasWaqar Younis1989–2003Career3rd most ODI wickets416Waqar also holds the record of second most ODI wickets by a Pakistani bowler.Saqlain Mushtaq1995–2004CareerFastest to reach 100, 150, 200 and 250 wicketsCareerOnly spinner to take a hat-trick in an ODIShahid Afridi1996 – presentCareermost wickets in single world cup as Captain21Shahid Afridi also holds the record.T20 International RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesUmar Gul2007–102009Best bowling figures in a Twenty20 International5 wickets / 6 runsCareer2nd most wickets in career472009Joint 3rd most wickets in a calendar year19CareerMost 4 wicket hauls in career4Shahid Afridi2006–10CareerMost wickets in career4820097th most wickets in a calendar year18CareerJoint 2nd most 4 wicket hauls2Saeed Ajmal2009–10Career3rd most wickets in career382009 and 2010Joint 3rd most wickets in a calendar year19CareerJoint 2nd most 4 wicket hauls in career2Miscellaneous RecordsNameIntl. Career spanYear setRecord descriptionRecordNotesWasim Akram1984–2003CareerOne of 2 bowlers to achieve a hat-trick in both Test and ODICareerOnly bowler to achieve four hat-tricksCareer1st bowler to achieve +400 wickets in both Test and ODIMuttiah Muralitharan has since achieved this.Shoaib Akhtar1997–2011CareerOfficial fastest delivery in cricket
  • 161.3 km/h
  • 100.2 mph
Mohammad Sami2001–presentCareerUnofficial fastest delivery in cricket
  • 164 km/h
  • 101.9 mph
The record was revoked by cricket officials after they found faulty speed measurements on the speed radar.CareerOne of 2 bowlers to achieve a hat-trick in both Test and ODI[edit]Controversies[edit]Ball Tampering[edit]Reverse swingMain article: Reverse SwingReverse swing was first discovered by Sarfraz Nawaz in the 1970s, who then passed it on to another Pakistani bowler, Imran Khan. Khan mastered reverse swing and the evidence of reverse swing by him was seen in 1983 in a Test match against India at Karachi, where he took 5 wickets in 25 balls. Imran Khan subsequently passed this skill on to Waqar Younis and Wasim Akram who are considered to have been the finest exponents of the delivery.[36][37][38]

On Pakistan's 1992 tour of England, England had no answer to the reverse swing, a new phenomenon to them. Pakistan won the series 2–1. The series was controversial one as the Pakistani team were accused ofball tampering, particularly being discriminated against by the English media.

However, it was later proved that the Pakistani bowlers were simply ahead of their time. Following this episode, reverse swing expanded around the cricket world and more bowlers, including those from England, mastered the technique.

[edit]2006 incidentDuring the fourth Test against England at the Oval on 20 August 2006, ball tampering accusations were made against the Pakistani team, which resulted in the team forfeiting the match. On the fourth day of the Test, during England's second innings, the ball began to late reverse swing for Umar Gul in particular, resulting in him dismissing Alastair Cook LBW to an inswinging yorker. Four overs later, on examining the ball, umpire Darrell Hair decided there was evidence that the ball had been tampered with. He consulted with the other umpire, Billy Doctrove and penalised the Pakistani team for interfering with the condition of the ball, awarding five runs to England. Following the playing conditions for that Test, the England batsmen were allowed to choose a replacement ball from a selection of six provided. Although play continued until the end of the afternoon session, the Pakistani team decided in principle, not to reappear at the start of the third session. This decision was made in protest of what they believed to be an unjust and insensitive decision. Pakistan's claim was that the ball had been damaged by being hit to the boundary. As a result of the Pakistani team's failure to appear at the field, the umpires awarded the test to England, cricket's first and only forfeiture till July 2008 when the cricket's international governing body International Cricket Council (ICC) changed the result of the test from an English win to a draw (it was then restored to an England win in February 2009).

The Pakistani team was cleared of any wrongdoing and Darrell Hair was banned when further proceedings saw captain Inzamam-ul-Haq found not guilty of ball tampering. However, the team's protest led to him being banned for four games on the charge of bringing the game of cricket into disrepute.[39][40][41]

[edit]Match fixing[edit]2010 spot-fixing allegationsDuring Pakistan Tour of England In 2010 British tabloid newspaper News of the World alleged spot-fixing had been taking place involving 7 of the Pakistani test players.[42][43]

[edit]DopingImmediately following the 2006 ball tampering controversy was the news that front line fast bowlers Shoaib Akhtar and Mohammad Asif had both tested positive for Nandrolone, a banned anabolic steroid. Though both denied any substance abuse, on 1 November 2006 both Akhtar and Asif were banned for a period of 2 years and 1 year respectively. However, both fast bowlers were successful in their appeals with the earlier bans being revoked. The World Anti-Doping Agency made an appeal in the Court of Arbitration for Sport over the revoking of this ban.[44] However, the Court of Arbitration for Sport later dropped the case, ruling it had no jurisdiction to challenge the decision made by PCB.[45][46]

[edit]See alsoCricket portal[edit]References
  1. ^ Overall Result Summary – Test Cricket – ESPNCricinfo. Last updated 15 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  2. ^ Pakistan in India 1952–53 (1st Test) – CricketArchive. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  3. ^ All-Time Results Table – One-Day Internationals – ESPNCricinfo. Last updated 12 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
  4. ^ All-Time Results Table – Twenty20 Internationals – ESPNCricinfo. Last updated 21 April 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
  5. ^ Guinness Cricket Encyclopaedia
  6. ^ Stump the Bearded Wonder No 126BBC Sport Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  7. a b Going, Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  8. ^ Austral-Asia Cup, 1985/86, Final, India v Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  9. ^ Inzi announces his arrival and India's hat-trick Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  10. ^ Five of the Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  11. ^ Benson & Hedges World Cup, 1991/92, 1st Semi Final, New Zealand v on 14 May 2007.
  12. ^ Imran's Tigers turn the Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  13. ^ Pakistan sent home by bold Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  14. ^ Shamrocks turn Pakistan Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  15. ^ ICC World Cup – 9th Match, Group D, Ireland v Retrieved on 14 May 2007.
  16. ^ Police hunt Woolmer's Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  17. ^ Woolmer post-mortem Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  18. ^ Shattered Inzamam retires from one-day Retrieved 24 March 2007.
  19. ^ Shoaib Malik appointed Pakistan Retrieved 19 April 2007.
  20. ^ Butt named Malik's Retrieved on 20 June 2007.
  21. ^ DNA testing for Pakistan Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  22. ^ Pakistan no longer suspects in Woolmer Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  23. ^ Memorial service for Woolmer held in Retrieved 7 April 2007.
  24. ^ Doubts grow over pathologist's Retrieved on 21 May 2007.
  25. ^ Talat to act as interim Retrieved 20 April 2007.
  26. ^ Lawson named Pakistan Retrieved on 16 July 2007.
  27. ^ PCB Sponsors
  28. ^ PCB Media news, publications and articles, 2007
  29. ^ Boom Boom Cricket, Boom Boom Cricket, 12 April 2010
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^ Younis, Yousuf and Malik out of central contracts, CricInfo, 19 March 2010
  36. ^ Wasim Akram – Player Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  37. ^ Waqar Younis – Player Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  38. ^ Waugh, Steve Reverse swing looms as the decisive factorThe Hindu Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  39. ^ England v Pakistan 4th TestBBC Sport Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  40. ^ Day four: How the controversy unfoldedBBC Sport Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  41. ^ Inzamam cleared of ball Retrieved 28 February 2007.
  42. ^ "The News Of The World"Match-fixer pockets £150k as he rigs England Test at Lord's. Retrieved 29 August 2010.
  43. ^ "BBC"Arrest over Pakistan-England Test cricket 'betting scam'. 29 August 2010. Retrieved 29 August 2010. [1]
  44. ^ WADA to challenge Shoaib and Asif Retrieved on 28 February 2007.
  45. ^ Court has no jurisdiction in doping Retrieved on 3 July 2007.
  46. ^ Court cannot rule on Pakistan Retrieved on 3 July 2007.